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Chichester Cathedral Also known as The Cathedral of the Holy Trinity

 

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  • Chichester Cathedral was founded in 1075, after the seat of the bishop was transferred to the town from nearby Selsey and first consecrated in 1108.
  • The original cathedral then promptly burned down and needed to be substantially rebuilt with that progressed until 1184 with consecration in 1199. It was during this period that much of the church was rebuilt in Early English style.
  • A second fire in 1187 saw the need to rebuild the roof and so the Early English style was remodelled into mid period Gothic. One tower of Early English architecture does however survive and is now an independent bell tower set off to one side of the front, indicating that previously the west front was much wider than it is now.
  • During the 13th century the nave was doubled in width with the addition of several new chapels, and is still the only double width nave in an English cathedral today. The reason for this perhaps was to retain the previous older Romanesque church core, with the church architects opting to extend outwards instead of demolishing as their contemporaries usually favoured.
  • The spire was erected in the 15th century and is the second tallest medieval spire in England today.
  • The reformation severely damaged the cathedral, the shrine of Richard de la Wyche was destroyed and much of the windows were destroyed. 12th century Romanesque sculptures of Lazarus and Christ arriving at Bethany survive, along with the early 15th century Bell Arundel Screen and the 14th century tomb of Richard Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel.
  • Further damage happened when in 1861 the spire collapsed badly damaging the cathedral. It was almost immediately rebuilt by leading Victorian architect, George Gibert Scott.

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Developer
Diocese of Chichester
Renovation Architect
George Gilbert Scott

Reference Data

Reference No.
666
First Uploaded
19-02-2006
Last Editorial Date
10-07-2012
 

Building Location

Address
Cathedral Cloisters, Chichester. PO19 1PX
Council
Chichester District Council
County
West Sussex
Region
South East
Country
United Kingdom

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Building Specification

Status
Complete
Construction start date
1075
Completion date
1253
Renovation Date
1865
Heritage Status
Grade I
Style
Gothic

Pinnacle Height (AGL)
84.43
Pinnacle Type
Spire
Roof Height (AGL)
38.00

Market Data

Primary Use
Place of Worship


Metres > Feet