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Salisbury Cathedral

 

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  • Salisbury Cathedral came into being when the seat of the Bishop moved from Old Sarum to Salisbury and work started on a new cathedral.
  • The period of construction unusually was over the space of less than 100 years. As a result it is built in only style of Gothic known as English Gothic.
  • The water table is so near to the surface of the site that the foundations are only four feet deep.
  • 60,000 tonnes of stone are used in this building, 6,400 of which are in the tower and spire. One tonne of stone is enough to make a single block.
  • 2800 tonnes of timber are used in the construction of the roof, the largest of the beams is a continuous piece of English Oak that is 24 metres long.
  • The windows contain 3,200 square metres of glass whilst the interior has no less than 12,000 tonnes of Purbeck marble.
  • Apart from the tower, the cathedral was actually completed in 1258. Construction on it began in the late 1260s and tower adds a further 33 metres to the height and is topped by 54.8 metre spire.
  • Weight of the structure on the four original columns under the crossing was such that they bulged by almost 23 centimetres until 112 wooden and stone buttresses were added to provide extra strength.
  • Despite this the tower leaned by 27 inches which required the building of the strainer arches in the central crossing and south western choir aisle to keep the spire level. The excess weight on the piers that support the tower and spire is estimated at 6,604,416 kilos meaning it shouldn't be standing... but is. This is believed to be entirely due to the fact that the original builders didn't remove the scaffolding inside the cathedral.
  • It is the tallest cathedral in Britain today. The spire is believed to have survived because the builders never got around to removing the scaffolding from inside.

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Architect
Elias de Dereham

Reference Data

Reference No.
488
First Uploaded
19-02-2006
Last Editorial Date
02-04-2012
 

Building Location

Address
33 The Close, Salisbury. SP1 2EJ
Council
Wiltshire County Council
County
Wiltshire
Region
South West
Country
United Kingdom

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Building Specification

Status
Complete
Proposal date
1217
Construction start date
1220
Completion date
1320
Renovation Date
1878
Heritage Status
Grade I
Style
Gothic

Pinnacle Height (AGL)
123.13
Pinnacle Type
Spire
Roof Height (AGL)
68.33

Market Data

Primary Use
Place of Worship


Construction Cost
£28,000.00
Budget Date
1320

Metres > Feet